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Health - Microtechnics - 29.05.2024
How autonomous ultrasound can make everyday medical work easier
How autonomous ultrasound can make everyday medical work easier
Diagnostic support with artificial intelligence and robotics Prof. Nassir Navab from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) uses robotic ultrasound systems that perform routine examinations autonomously and support doctors in the operating theater. His research shows that these systems can make everyday life easier for doctors.

Health - Life Sciences - 27.05.2024
How bacteria can influence our behavior
How bacteria can influence our behavior
The gut microbiome influences our decisions in social contexts. This is the conclusion of a study led by Sorbonne Université and INSEAD with the participation of the University of Bonn and the University Hospital Bonn (UKB). The study has been published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Nexus .

Health - Pharmacology - 27.05.2024
Multi-purpose mucus
Multi-purpose mucus
What mucins can do in medicine They are in our eyes, on our tongues, and in our stomachs: Protective layers of mucus, a slime consisting primarily of mucins. These are molecules which bind water to form a natural lubricant. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) use them to develop coatings for contact lenses and intubation tubes, healing plasters for use on the tongue and intestines, and much more.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.05.2024
Tracking down rare hereditary diseases
Tracking down rare hereditary diseases
Dynamic structure of FLVCR proteins and their function in nutrient transport in our cells revealed It is known that malfunctions of the proteins FLVCR1 and FLVCR2 lead to rare hereditary diseases in humans that cause motor, sensory and neurological disorders. However, the biochemical mechanisms behind this and the physiological functions of the FLVCR proteins have been unclear to date.

Health - Pharmacology - 16.05.2024
Pathoblockers, a Future Alternative to Antibiotics’
Researchers at Freie Universität Berlin and Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin "defanging" bacteria, rendering them harmless In most cases, antibiotics are a reliable form of protection against bacterial infections. They have saved billions of human lives since their introduction. This protection, however, is threatened by bacteria's resistance to classical antibiotics and by their aggressive pathogenicity.

Health - Innovation - 15.05.2024
New Group Training Tool for the Prevention of Dementia
The system is already in use in retirement homes. Researchers from Bochum have tested how effective it is in a scientific study. Solving a quiz as a group while moving around the room at the same time - this combination is the basis of a new tool designed to prevent dementia. Researchers developed and evaluated it in the "go4cognition" project with industry partners and brought it to market maturity.

Pharmacology - Health - 15.05.2024
Study Paves the Way for an Active Agent Against Hepatitis E
A newly identified compound prevents a cellular enzyme from cleaving the virus particle. As a result, the virus can no longer infect cells. At present, there is no specific active substance against hepatitis E. As the disease kills 70,000 people every year, researchers are actively searching for one.

Health - Psychology - 08.05.2024
How infections influence our social empathy
Researchers at the University Alliance Ruhr have discovered new insights into how acute illness affects empathy. Their study confirms complex relationships between physical well-being and empathy. When people are ill, they feel less empathy for others than when they are healthy. This has been confirmed by a study conducted by Ruhr University Bochum and the University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.05.2024
When the cerebellum becomes active
When the cerebellum becomes active
A new study shows that the cerebellum is involved in processing emotions. This is important to know when caring for people with ataxia. For a long time, the fact that the cerebellum also plays an important role in regulating our emotions - such as when processing fear - has been ignored. Professor Melanie Mark from Ruhr-University Bochum and Professor Dagmar Timmann from the University of Duisburg-Essen are two of the first researchers to provide experimental evidence that the cerebellum contributes towards both the learning and the extinction of conditioned fear responses.

Health - Life Sciences - 30.04.2024
New regulator of eating behaviour identified
New regulator of eating behaviour identified
The rapidly escalating prevalence of overweight and obesity poses a significant medical challenge worldwide. In addition to people's changing lifestyles, genetic factors also play a key role in the development of obesity. Scientists at Leipzig University and Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf have now identified a new regulator of eating behaviour.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 30.04.2024
One in three cardiovascular deaths is due to poor diet
One in three cardiovascular deaths is due to poor diet
In Europe, 1.55 million people die every year due to malnutrition. This is the conclusion of a recent study by Friedrich Schiller University Jena, the Institute of Sustainable Agriculture and Food (INL) and the nutriCARD competence cluster. The researchers analyzed the importance of nutrition for cardiovascular-related deaths in the period between 1990 and 2019.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 30.04.2024
One in three cardiovascular deaths is due to an unbalanced diet
One in three cardiovascular deaths is due to an unbalanced diet
In Europe, 1.55 million people die every year due to a poor diet. This is the conclusion of a recent study by Friedrich Schiller University Jena, the Institute for Sustainable Agriculture and Food Economics (INL) and the nutriCARD Competence Cluster. The researchers analysed the importance of nutrition for cardiovascular-related deaths in the period between 1990 and 2019, and have published their findings in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

Health - Life Sciences - 29.04.2024
Breakthrough in brown fat research
Breakthrough in brown fat research
Researchers from the University of Southern Denmark, the Novo Nordisk Center for Adipocyte Signaling (SDU), the University of Bonn and the University Hospital Bonn (UKB) have found a protein that is responsible for turning off brown fat activity. This new discovery could lead to a promising strategy for safely activating brown fat and tackling obesity and related health problems.

Health - Pharmacology - 29.04.2024
Possible alternative to antibiotics produced by bacteria
Possible alternative to antibiotics produced by bacteria
Antibacterial substance from staphylococci discovered with new mechanism of action against natural competitors Many bacteria produce substances to gain an advantage over competitors in their highly competitive natural environment. Researchers at the University Hospital Bonn (UKB), the University of Bonn and the German Center for Infection Research (DZIF) have discovered a new so-called lantibiotic, namely epilancin A37.

Life Sciences - Health - 25.04.2024
Antimicrobial Agents of the Future
Researchers the Helmholtz Institute for RNA-based Infection Research (HIRI) in Würzburg conducted the first systematic study of CRISPR-based antibiotics in Klebsiella pneumoniae. The antimicrobial potential of CRISPR-Cas systems is promising, yet how to best design or implement CRISPR nucleases remains poorly understood.

Health - Pharmacology - 24.04.2024
Tumor cells evade the immune system early on
Tumor cells evade the immune system early on
Newly discovered mechanism could significantly improve cancer immunotherapies Tumors actively prevent the formation of immune responses by so-called cytotoxic T cells, which are essential in combating cancer. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (LMU) Hospital have now uncovered for the first time how this exactly happens.

Health - Pharmacology - 24.04.2024
Biomarkers identified for successful treatment of bone marrow tumours
CAR T cell therapy has proven effective in treating various haematological cancers. However, not all patients respond equally well to treatment. In a recent clinical study, researchers from the University of Leipzig Medical Center and the Fraunhofer Institute for Cell Therapy and Immunology identified several biomarkers that are associated with the response to CAR T cell therapy in multiple myeloma, a malignant tumour disease in the bone marrow.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.04.2024
Boron deficiency: oilseed rape reacts as with infection and pest infestation
Boron deficiency: oilseed rape reacts as with infection and pest infestation
Genetic mechanisms uncovered Boron deficiency has a devastating effect on oilseed rape and related plants. However, little is known about the underlying genetic mechanisms. A study shows that the response to persistent or short-term acute boron deficiency is similar to that to pests and infections. The results lay the foundation for breeding plants that can better cope with boron deficiency and for avoiding related yield losses.

Astronomy / Space - Health - 12.04.2024
For future space missions: Scientists develop hood to measure brain activity in space
For future space missions: Scientists develop hood to measure brain activity in space
Prof. Patrique Fiedler and his team at the Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Informatics (BMTI) at TU Ilmenau are working on an EEG system suitable for use in space. It is intended to accompany astronauts on long-term missions in order to recognize and counteract limitations in their performance in good time.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.04.2024
Study Lays the Basis for New Knowledge on Gastrointestinal Diseases
Study Lays the Basis for New Knowledge on Gastrointestinal Diseases
The transition from the esophagus to the stomach is a delicate region from a medical point of view, often associated with pathological disorders leading to cancer. An international research team has now gained new insights into this region. These pave the way for new prevention and treatment options.
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