news 2024

Categories


Years
2009 | 2010 | 2011 | 2012 | 2013 | 2014 | 2015 | 2016 | 2017 | 2018 | 2019 | 2020 | 2021 | 2022 | 2023 | 2024 |



Results 1 - 20 of 263.
1 2 3 4 5 ... 14 Next »


Environment - Life Sciences - 17.05.2024
Regional differences in bird diversity in agroforestry systems
Regional differences in bird diversity in agroforestry systems
International research team investigates benefits of forest proximity for cocoa cultivation   The diversity and ecological functionality of bird communities in tropical agroforestry systems are shaped by the surrounding landscape, in particular the extent and composition of the forest. An international research team led by the University of Göttingen has now investigated the composition and ecological traits of bird communities in 23 cocoa agroforestry systems in Peru.

Environment - 17.05.2024
Tropical forest resilience to seasonal drought linked to nutrient availability
Tropical forest resilience to seasonal drought linked to nutrient availability
International research team carry out Africa's first large-scale nutrient addition experiment with nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium Tropical forests are highly productive ecosystems accounting for nearly half of the global forest carbon sink. If tropical forests can no longer remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, the effects of climate change may become even more severe.

Life Sciences - 17.05.2024
Restrict Use of 'Tipp-Ex Proteins'
Restrict Use of ’Tipp-Ex Proteins’
University of Bonn study shows that molecules that modify copies of genes are only permitted in certain cell organelles Plants have special corrective molecules at their disposal that can make retrospective modifications to copies of genes. However, it would appear that these "Tipp-Ex proteins" do not have permission to work in all'areas of the cell, only being used in chloroplasts and mitochondria.

Chemistry - Physics - 16.05.2024
New method for introducing fluorinated components into molecules
New method for introducing fluorinated components into molecules
A team of chemists at the University of Münster has developed a synthesis method for the site-selective integration of the biologically relevant difluoromethyl group into pyridines The difluoromethyl group often determines the properties of bioactive molecules and is therefore particularly interesting for drug research.

Health - Pharmacology - 16.05.2024
Pathoblockers, a Future Alternative to Antibiotics’
Researchers at Freie Universität Berlin and Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin "defanging" bacteria, rendering them harmless In most cases, antibiotics are a reliable form of protection against bacterial infections. They have saved billions of human lives since their introduction. This protection, however, is threatened by bacteria's resistance to classical antibiotics and by their aggressive pathogenicity.

Psychology - Sport - 16.05.2024
Movement Coordination Leads to Identification
When members of a group successfully coordinate their movements with one another, this leads to a stronger sense of togetherness. This was shown by a recent study by the Universities of Würzburg and Regensburg. People who feel connected to each other find it easier to coordinate their actions. They therefore perform better in tasks that require good coordination.

Life Sciences - 16.05.2024
Termite Symbiosis in Transition
Termite Symbiosis in Transition
Genetic analyses show how the metabolic capacities of symbiotic bacteria in the gut of termites have changed over the course of evolution Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology in Marburg, Germany, have analysed the evolutionary development of symbiotic bacteria in the intestines of termites with regard to their metabolic capabilities.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 16.05.2024
Healthy Diets for People and the Planet
A study by researchers at the University of Bonn examines the ecological sustainability of children's and young people's diets Our diet puts a strain on planetary resources. Shifting to a sustainable diet that benefits both our health and that of the planet is therefore assuming increasing importance.

Linguistics / Literature - 16.05.2024
Risk perception influenced less by media than previously thought
Risk perception influenced less by media than previously thought
For decades, researchers have assumed that people overestimate the risk of dramatic causes of death, such as road traffic accidents. The reason given for this was that such deaths are the subject of far greater media attention than more significant but less spectacular mortality risks. However, a study at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now debunked this assumption.

Physics - Innovation - 16.05.2024
Method Milestone for Quantum Physics
Method Milestone for Quantum Physics
Rapid Test for Topological 2D Materials: Researchers from the Würzburg-Dresden Cluster of Excellence ct.qmat have developed a method with which two-dimensional topological materials can be detected more easily and quickly. Topological quantum materials are hailed as a cornerstone of future technological advancements.

Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 16.05.2024
A Second Chance for New Antibiotic Agent
Twenty years ago, a drug candidate was rejected due to its side effects. Researchers have now figured out how to potentially make a successor molecule more selective. An increasing number of bacteria have become resistant to many commonly used antibiotics. Researchers from Bochum have discovered a fresh opportunity for a potential active molecule whose predecessor was rejected: By studying its interaction with the bacterial target protein very precisely in three dimensions, they identified a previously undetected point of attack that could be targeted by this compound.

Life Sciences - Earth Sciences - 15.05.2024
Iron-sulfur minerals bear witness to earliest life on earth
Iron-sulfur minerals bear witness to earliest life on earth
A team of researchers at the Universities of Tübingen and Göttingen has found that certain minerals with characteristic shapes could indicate the activity of bacteria in hydrothermal vents - or black smokers - in the deep ocean several billion years ago. This represents a major step in our understanding of the origin of life.

Health - Innovation - 15.05.2024
New Group Training Tool for the Prevention of Dementia
The system is already in use in retirement homes. Researchers from Bochum have tested how effective it is in a scientific study. Solving a quiz as a group while moving around the room at the same time - this combination is the basis of a new tool designed to prevent dementia. Researchers developed and evaluated it in the "go4cognition" project with industry partners and brought it to market maturity.

Pharmacology - Health - 15.05.2024
Study Paves the Way for an Active Agent Against Hepatitis E
A newly identified compound prevents a cellular enzyme from cleaving the virus particle. As a result, the virus can no longer infect cells. At present, there is no specific active substance against hepatitis E. As the disease kills 70,000 people every year, researchers are actively searching for one.

Physics - Chemistry - 15.05.2024
International research team cracks a hard physics problem
International research team cracks a hard physics problem
Strongly interacting systems play an important role in quantum physics and quantum chemistry. Stochastic methods such as Monte Carlo simulations are a proven method for investigating such systems. However, these methods reach their limits when so-called sign oscillations occur. This problem has now been solved by an international team of researchers from Germany, Turkey, the USA, China, South Korea and France using the new method of wavefunction matching.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 14.05.2024
How to Make Ubiquitous Plastics Biodegradable
Understanding the function of a specific bacterial enzyme has paved the way for the biotechnological degradation of styrene. Polystyrene is made from styrene building blocks and is the most widely used plastic in terms of volume, for example in packaging. Unlike PET, which can now be produced and recycled using biotechnological methods, the production of polystyrene has so far been a purely chemical process.

Psychology - 14.05.2024
What motivates preschool children to prepare
What motivates preschool children to prepare
In everyday life, adults think about the future an average of 59 times a day. This helps them to cope with future challenges. What about children? Adults are particularly good at preparing for the future when they imagine what they will feel. Researchers at Ruhr University Bochum have investigated whether this is also the case with pre-school children.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 13.05.2024
Fishing to eat: Eleven percent of freshwater fish consumed worldwide from recreational fishing
Fishing to eat: Eleven percent of freshwater fish consumed worldwide from recreational fishing
Fishing with rod and reel is much more than just a leisure activity: In many regions of the world, it makes an important contribution to their own diet with fish. This has been shown by an international research team, including Robert Arlinghaus, Professor of Integrative Fisheries Management at the Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology (IGB) and Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.

Life Sciences - Environment - 13.05.2024
Organic farming leads to adaptations in the genetic material in plants
Organic farming leads to adaptations in the genetic material in plants
A study carried out at the University of Bonn shows how organically and conventionally farmed plants develop differently Plants adapt genetically over time to the special conditions of organic farming. This has been demonstrated in a long-term study conducted at the University of Bonn. The researchers planted barley plants on two neighboring fields and used conventional farming methods on one and organic methods on the other.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 13.05.2024
Mitosis instead of Meiosis
Mitosis instead of Meiosis
Researchers breed tomato plants that contain the complete genetic material of both parent plants In a new study, led by Charles Underwood from the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research in Cologne, Germany, scientists established a system to generate clonal sex cells in tomato plants and used them to design the genomes of offspring.
1 2 3 4 5 ... 14 Next »