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Physics - 19.01.2021
Positive through the particle cloud
Positive through the particle cloud
Transport processes are ubiquitous in nature but still raise many questions. The research team around Florian Meinert from the 5th Institute of Physics at the University of Stuttgart has now developed a new method that allows them to observe a single charged particle on its path through a dense cloud of ultracold atoms.

Physics - Chemistry - 18.01.2021
Clocking the movement of electrons inside an atom
Clocking the movement of electrons inside an atom
New technique delivers resolution improvement in ultrafast processes Ultrafast science is pursued at the Technical University of Munich (TUM). An international consortium of scientists, initiated by Reinhard Kienberger, Professor of Laser and X-ray Physics several years ago, has made significant measurements in the femtosecond range at the U.S. Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC).

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 15.01.2021
How plants produce defensive toxins without harming themselves
How plants produce defensive toxins without harming themselves
Plants produce toxic substances to defend themselves against herbivores. In a new study, scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena and the University of Münster were able to describe in detail the biosynthesis and exact mode of action of an important group of defensive substances, the diterpene glycosides, in wild tobacco plants.

Astronomy / Space Science - 15.01.2021
The Role of Turbulence in the Birth of Stars
The Role of Turbulence in the Birth of Stars
Computer simulations of turbulence in interstellar gas and molecular clouds - simulations so complex they were inconceivable until now - have provided important new insights into the role turbulence plays in the formation of stars. For the first time, the results of the calculations suggest how these turbulent movements transition from the supersonic to the subsonic range.

Environment - Life Sciences - 15.01.2021
Digging Beneath the Surface
Researchers call for greater consideration of soil biodiversity and its ecological functions in developing international conservation strategies No 008/2021 from Jan 15, 2021 The soil is home to a quarter of all known species. In fact, life above ground wouldn't be possible without the soil and its countless inhabitants.

Life Sciences - 13.01.2021
A fly's eye view of evolution
A fly’s eye view of evolution
Research team led by Göttingen University investigates molecular basis of eye size variation in insects The fascinating compound eyes of insects consist of hundreds of individual eyes known as -facets-. In the course of evolution, an enormous variety of eye sizes and shapes has emerged, often representing adaptations to different environmental conditions.

Health - Pharmacology - 11.01.2021
Polycystic kidney disease: Study explores diet as a key factor in kidney disease
Polycystic kidney disease: Study explores diet as a key factor in kidney disease
A new clinical study at the University of Cologne and Cologne University Hospital is investigating whether a ketogenic diet has a positive effect on patients with polycystic kidney disease / The trial is funded by the American PKD Foundation (polycystic kidney disease) A team of researchers at the University of Cologne is launching a study on the effects of ketogenic dietary regimens in patients affected by hereditary polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD).

Physics - 11.01.2021
Theoretical Physics: Modelling shows which quantum systems are suitable for quantum simulations
A joint research group led by Professor Jens Eisert of Freie Universität Berlin and Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) has shown a way to simulate the quantum physical properties of complex solid state systems. This is done with the help of complex solid state systems that can be studied experimentally.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 08.01.2021
Schüler und Studierende bauen CERN-Detektor mit Lego nach: Online-Workshop
Spatial and temporal distribution of primordial germ cells (stained in red) in zebrafish embryos. Normally, with the help of an attractant produced in the environment, the cells migrate in a targeted and coordinated manner through the developing embryo and reach the regions where the sex organs are formed (left).

Computer Science - Physics - 06.01.2021
"Wichtig sind Neugier und Interesse, alles andere kann man lernen"
In the digital age, data traffic is growing at an exponential rate. The demands on computing power for applications in artificial intelligence such as pattern and speech recognition in particular, or for self-driving vehicles, often exceeds the capacities of conventional computer processors. Working together with an international team, researchers at the University of Münster are developing new approaches and process architectures which can cope with these tasks extremely efficient.

Chemistry - 04.01.2021
Chemists succeed in synthesis of aminoalcohols by utilizing light
Chemists succeed in synthesis of aminoalcohols by utilizing light
Whether in beta-blockers to treat high blood pressure or in natural products: So-called vicinal aminoalcohols are high-quality organic compounds that are found in many everyday products. However, their production is difficult. For a long time, chemists are trying to develop efficient methods of synthesizing them.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 04.01.2021
Innovative Battery Chemistry Revolutionises Zinc-Air Battery
Innovative Battery Chemistry Revolutionises Zinc-Air Battery
High-performance, eco-friendly, safe and at the same time cost-effective: the zinc-air battery is an attractive energy storage technology of the future. Until now, the conventional zinc-air battery has struggled with a high chemical instability, parasitic reactions which rooted in the usage of alkaline electrolytes lead to electrochemical irreversibility.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 04.01.2021
Supercapacitors challenge batteries
Powerful graphene hybrid material for highly efficient supercapacitors A team working with Roland Fischer, Professor of Inorganic and Metal-Organic Chemistry at the Technical University Munich (TUM) has developed a highly efficient supercapacitor. The basis of the energy storage device is a novel, powerful and also sustainable graphene hybrid material that has comparable performance data to currently utilized batteries.
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