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Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 05.03.2021
A new model can predict the evolution of antibiotic resistance in bacteria
An international research team has developed a model that predicts growth rates and resistance mechanisms of common bacterial mutants at different drug doses / Publication in 'Nature Ecology & Evolution' A team of scientists from the University of Cologne (Germany) and the University of Uppsala (Sweden) has created a model that can describe and predict the evolution of antibiotic resistance in bacteria.

Physics - 05.03.2021
ERC Advanced Grant for Prof. Tilman Pfau
ERC Advanced Grant for Prof. Tilman Pfau
The European Research Council will support the research of Prof. Tilman Pfau with an ERC Advanced Grant for his new approach to understanding fermionic matter with long-range interactions using innovative quantum gas microscopy techniques. The ERC Advanced Grants are highly-prestigious grants awarded to well-established, leading scientists with a track record of groundbreaking research achievements over the past decade.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 05.03.2021
Breaking the warp barrier for faster-than-light travel
Breaking the warp barrier for faster-than-light travel
Astrophysicist at Göttingen University discovers new theoretical hyper-fast soliton solutions If travel to distant stars within an individual's lifetime is going to be possible, a means of faster-than-light propulsion will have to be found. To date, even recent research about superluminal (faster-than-light) transport based on Einstein's theory of general relativity would require vast amounts of hypothetical particles and states of matter that have -exotic- physical properties such as negative energy density.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 05.03.2021
Glowing hot super-Earth nearby
Glowing hot super-Earth nearby
Research team with Göttingen University participation plans to test atmospheric models of the rocky planet In the past two and a half decades, astronomers have discovered thousands of exoplanets made of gas, ice and rock. Only a few of them are Earth-like. Studying their atmospheres with the instruments currently available is a major challenge.

Life Sciences - 04.03.2021
Watching the brain learn
Watching the brain learn
Scientists at Göttingen University discover structural changes in adult mice brains as seen in young animals Understanding the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying brain -plasticity-(how the brain can learn, develop and reorganise itself) is crucial for explaining many illnesses and conditions.

Life Sciences - Health - 03.03.2021
New, highly precise ’clock’ can measure biological age
Two scientists at the CECAD Cluster of Excellence in Aging Research have developed a method that can determine an organism's biological age with unprecedented precision / researchers expect new insights into how the environment, nutrition, and therapies influence the aging process Using the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans , researchers at the University of Cologne have developed an 'aging clock' that reads the biological age of an organism directly from its gene expression, the transcriptome.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 02.03.2021
Rice Plant Resists Arsenic
Rice Plant Resists Arsenic
The agricultural cultivation of the staple food of rice harbours the risk of possible contamination with arsenic that can reach the grains following uptake by the roots. In their investigation of over 4,000 variants of rice, a Chinese-German research team under the direction of Rüdiger Hell from the Centre for Organismal Studies (COS) of Heidelberg University and Fang-Jie Zhao of Nanjing Agricultural University (China) discovered a plant variant that resists the toxin.

Life Sciences - 01.03.2021
How a plant regulates its growth
How a plant regulates its growth
Molecular mechanisms of polar growth in plants Plants grow in two directions: the shoots of plants grow toward the light to make the best use of it, and the roots grow toward the center of the earth into the soil. A team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM), in collaboration with two research groups in Vienna, has now been able to describe in detail how the molecular mechanisms work that control these processes.

Physics - 01.03.2021
Nanoscale sound waves vibrate artificial atom
Nanoscale sound waves vibrate artificial atom
A German-polish research team from Augsburg, Münster, Munich and WrocÅ‚aw successfully mixed nanoscale sound waves and light quanta. In their study published in Optica the scientists use an 'artificial atom' that converts the vibrations of the sound wave to single light quanta - photons - with unprecedented precision.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 01.03.2021
Understanding the Spatial and Temporal Dimensions of Landscape Dynamics
Heidelberg geoinformation scientists develop new computer-based method to analyse topographic changes The Earth's surface is subject to continual changes that dynamically shape natural landscapes. Global phenomena like climate change play a role, as do short-term, local events of natural or human origin.

Physics - Chemistry - 25.02.2021
Pioneering molecule on its way into quantum computers
Pioneering molecule on its way into quantum computers
Researchers from the University of Jena and University of Florence, develop cobalt compound with special quantum properties In quantum computers, instead of electrical circuits being switched on or off, quantum mechanical states are altered. For this, suitable chemical compounds are needed. A research team from the University of Jena and the University of Florence has now succeeded in producing such a compound.

Physics - 25.02.2021
New insights into the mechanism of nuclear fission
New insights into the mechanism of nuclear fission
Nuclear physicists at the University of Cologne have contributed to an international research collaboration to show the way the spin of the two fragments, resulting from the splitting of an atomic nucleus, is generated / publication in Nature A series of experiments at the ALTO particle accelerator facility in Orsay, France, has revealed that the fragments resulting from nuclear fission obtain their intrinsic angular momentum (or spin) after fission, not before, as is widely assumed.

Transport - 24.02.2021
Rotor head full fairing makes the RACER fly faster
Rotor head full fairing makes the RACER fly faster
Aerodynamic shape optimization for helicopter rotor heads Helicopters are to become faster, greener and quieter. An international team led by Airbus Helicopters (AH) is working on the technology to achieve these goals with the RACER demonstrator. Scientists from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have designed an aerodynamically shape-optimized rotor head full fairing for the innovative RACER rotorcraft.

Physics - 24.02.2021
The size of the helium nucleus measured to femtometer accuracy
The size of the helium nucleus measured to femtometer accuracy
Helium is the second most abundant element in the universe after hydrogen. Helium nuclei consist of four components, namely two protons and two neutrons. Knowing the properties of the helium nucleus is crucial for fundamental physics, for example, in order to understand the processes in atomic nuclei that are heavier than helium.

Chemistry - Physics - 23.02.2021
Ingredients for earliest life forms preserved in 3.5 billion-year-old rocks
Ingredients for earliest life forms preserved in 3.5 billion-year-old rocks
Researchers including Göttingen University discover biologically-relevant organic molecules in fluid inclusions It is generally accepted that the earliest life forms used small organic molecules as building materials and energy sources. However, the existence of such components in early habitats on Earth had not been proven to date.

Life Sciences - Transport - 23.02.2021
A memory without a brain
A memory without a brain
How a single cell slime mold makes smart decisions without a central nervous system Having a memory of past events enables us to take smarter decisions about the future. Researchers at the Max-Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization (MPI-DS) and the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have now identified how the slime mold Physarum polycephalum saves memories - although it has no nervous system.

Life Sciences - Criminology / Forensics - 23.02.2021
No Certainty on Origin of Human Remains Found on Campus
Freie Universität Berlin, Max Planck Society, and Berlin State Monuments Office present the findings of their investigation into human remains found on Freie Universität land No 033/2021 from Feb 23, 2021 At an official public information event, experts from Freie Universität Berlin, the Max Planck Society, and the Berlin State Monuments Office ( Landesdenkmalamt Berlin ) presented the findings of their investigation into human remains found on the grounds of Freie Universität Berlin in recent years.

Materials Science - 22.02.2021
Even multi-story timber buildings can safely survive compartment fires
Even multi-story timber buildings can safely survive compartment fires
Realistic full-scale fire experiments on the TUM Garching campus How safe are multi-story timber buildings in case of fire? This question is addressed by the "TIMpuls" research project, led by the Technical University of Munich (TUM). The scientists' objective is to establish valid basic principles for uniform regulations for the construction of multi-story timber buildings.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.02.2021
Coronavirus Origin Study Released
Coronavirus Origin Study Released
The coronavirus has led to a worldwide crisis for over a year. In a new study, nanoscientist Roland Wiesendanger illuminates the origins of the virus. His findings conclude there are a number of quality sources indicating a laboratory accident at the Wuhan Institute of Virology as the cause of the current pandemic.

Materials Science - 19.02.2021
Unstable foams clean better than stable foams
Unstable foams clean better than stable foams
Historische Kunstund Kulturobjekte haben oft stark verschmutzte Oberflächen, da sie über viele Jahre hinweg unterschiedlichsten Umwelteinflüssen ausgesetzt sind. Ein deutsch-französisches Team um Prof. Cosima Stubenrauch von der Universität Stuttgart erforscht nun, wie man die Kostbarkeiten mit flüssigen Schäumen schonend und umweltfreundlich reinigen kann.
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