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News from the Lab (news.myScience.ch)

  • News from the Lab’ is a selection of scientific works that are significant or interesting for a broad readership. 
  • The selection of news is made by the team of myScience.ch. There is no right to be published or automatic publishing.
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Results 241 - 260 of 337.
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Health - Computer Science - 27.05.2022
Same symptom - different cause?
Same symptom - different cause?
Machine learning is playing an ever-increasing role in biomedical research. Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have now developed a new method of using molecular data to extract subtypes of illnesses. In the future, this method can help to support the study of larger patient groups.

Chemistry - Environment - 27.05.2022
Of biosystems and energy-rich chemicals
Of biosystems and energy-rich chemicals
The German Research Foundation (DFG) announced today that it will fund two Collaborative Research Centres (CRC) for a further four years. A total of about 26 million euros in funding is expected for the projects of these large-scale research associations. This will enable researchers to continue the successful work of CRC 1127 "ChemBioSys" and the Collaborative Research Centre/Transregio (CRC/TRR) 234 "CataLight", which is run jointly with Ulm University and other partners.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 27.05.2022
Biosynthesis of cyanobacterin opens up new class of natural compounds
Biosynthesis of cyanobacterin opens up new class of natural compounds
Researchers in the groups of Prof. Tobias Gulder from TU Dresden and Prof. Tanja Gulder from Leipzig University have succeeded in understanding the biosynthetic mechanisms for the production of the natural product cyanobacterin, which in Nature is produced in small quantities by the cyanobacteria Scytonema hofmanni.

Chemistry - Physics - 26.05.2022
Catalysis Collaborative Research Center enters its second phase
Catalysis Collaborative Research Center enters its second phase
Researchers aim for more targeted control of catalytic reactions and are focusing on mesoporous materials [Picture: SFB 1333] The collaborative research center "Molecular heterogeneous catalysis in confined geometries" (SFB 1333) at the University of Stuttgart is entering its second funding period and has received funding of almost 12 million euros.

Chemistry - Research Management - 25.05.2022
Chemists use light energy to produce small molecular rings
In the search for new active agents in medicine, molecules whose atoms are linked in rings are becoming increasingly important. Such ring systems have particularly suitable properties for producing such active agents and they are driving the development of innovative treatments for malignant tumours, as well as for neurodegenerative and infectious diseases.

Health - Sport - 25.05.2022
Link between exercise intensity and risk of infection
Link between exercise intensity and risk of infection
Until now there has been no clarity on how exercise intensity affects the emission and concentration of aerosol particles in exhaled air. With a new experimental setup, a Munich research team has shown that aerosol emissions increase exponentially with intense physical exertion - so that indoor sporting activities result in a higher risk of infectious diseases such as COVID.

Earth Sciences - 25.05.2022
Formation of carbonatite magmas decrypted
Formation of carbonatite magmas decrypted
Carbonatite rocks are economically important: The hundreds of known fossil carbonatite deposits on all continents are important storage sites for rare earth metals such as lanthanum, cerium, and neodymium. They are used in many key technologies, including smartphones, plasma and LCD screens, medical diagnostic radiology, wind turbine generators, and electric motors.

Computer Science - 25.05.2022
Preventing eavesdropping in the Internet of Things
Preventing eavesdropping in the Internet of Things
Intelligent reflecting surfaces can protect communication against attacks by adversarial wireless sensing The Internet of Things opens new gateways for eavesdroppers. The devices which are interconnected in more and more households communicate wirelessly. This can endanger privacy considerably: Passive eavesdroppers are able to obtain sensitive data through intercepted high-frequency signals.

Health - Life Sciences - 25.05.2022
A potential fountain of youth for the immune system
05/25/2022 In old age, the performance of the immune system decreases, and older people are more susceptible to infections. Research teams from Würzburg and Freiburg have now discovered an approach that could be used to slow down this process. The corona pandemic has made it clear: Older people are more susceptible to infections, suffer from more severe infectious diseases than young people, and they take significantly longer to recover.

History / Archeology - Innovation - 25.05.2022
Early urbanism found in the Amazon
Early urbanism found in the Amazon
Archaeologists reveal pre-Hispanic cities in Bolivia with laser technology LIDAR Several hundred settlements from the time between 500 and 1400 AD lie in the Bolivian Llanos de Mojos savannah and have fascinated archaeologists for years. Researchers from the German Archaeological Institute, the University of Bonn and the University of Exeter have now visualized the dimensions of the largest known settlement of the so-called Casarabe culture.

Health - Life Sciences - 25.05.2022
Secrets of thymus formation revealed
Secrets of thymus formation revealed
Max Planck researchers identify epithelial stem cells that control the growth of the thymus at different stages of life Many immune cells crucial for our immune system develop in a small organ next to our heart: the thymus. With age, however, the thymus shrinks, and the number of effective immune cells declines.

Transport - 23.05.2022
Changes in mobility behavior
Changes in mobility behavior
A new study by the Technical University of Munich (TUM) will focus the future of mobility in the greater Munich metropolitan area. All residents of the city and the surrounding areas will have the opportunity to participate directly and help build an important basis for future political decisions. Online surveys conducted from June to December 2022 will capture residents' behavior relating to mobility, energy use and consumption.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 23.05.2022
Corals as climate archives
Unusually well-preserved reef corals from the Geological and Palaeontological Collection at Leip-zig University hold a great secret: they allow us to travel far into the past and reconstruct climatic conditions in our latitudes. Researchers from Leipzig University, the Universities of Bremen and Greifswald, and UniLaSalle in Beauvais have now succeeded in doing just this.

Life Sciences - 23.05.2022
Microparticles with feeling
Microparticles with feeling
Researchers develop a new method to simultaneously measure flow and oxygen The surface of a coral is rugged. Its hard skeleton is populated by polyps that stretch their tentacles into the surrounding water to filter out food. But how exactly does the water flow over the coral surface, what eddies and flows develop, and what does this mean for the oxygen supply around the coral and its associated algae?

Chemistry - Health - 20.05.2022
Mini-fuel cell generates electricity using the body’s sugar
Glucose energy source for medicinal implants and sensors Mini-fuel cell generates electricity using the body's sugar Glucose is the most important energy source in the human body. Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) now want to use the body's sugar as an energy source for medicinal implants.

Physics - Chemistry - 19.05.2022
Ions and Rydberg-atoms: a bond between David and Goliath
Ions and Rydberg-atoms: a bond between David and Goliath
Physicists at the University of Stuttgart detect a novel binding mechanism between small and giagantic particles. [Picture: PI 5, Nicolas Zuber] Researchers at the 5th Physical Institute of the University of Stuttgart have verified a novel binding mechanism forming a molecule between a tiny charged particle and in atomic measures gigantic Rydberg atom.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.05.2022
New method revolutionizes cancer diagnosis
"Deep Visual Proteomics" technology provides cell-specific, protein-based information and helps to analyze cancer diseases How does cancer arise? How does cellular composition influence tumor malignancy? These questions are profound and challenging to answer, but are crucial to understand the disease and find the right cure.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 19.05.2022
The fading of negative experiences
Active suppression weakens unwanted memories A natural disaster, a dented car, an injured person - memories of traumatic experiences can be controlled by deliberately suppressing the images that arise. Until now, however, it was unclear what happens to the memory in the process and how the process is reflected in the brain.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 18.05.2022
Study explores concentrations of microplastics in the Rhine floodplains near Langel in Cologne
Microplastics accumulate in the Rhine meadows at Langel-Merkenich / topography and flooding determine local concentrations of particles in the soil Microplastics can be deposited in river floodplains and transported to deeper soil horizons. Local topography, flood frequency, and soil characteristics are responsible for the amount of plastic particles deposited and their possible transport into deeper soil.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 18.05.2022
Organic farming or flower strips - which is better for bees?
Organic farming or flower strips - which is better for bees?
Research team including Göttingen University assess the efficiency of agri-environmental measures from different perspectives How effective environmental measures in agriculture are for biodiversity and wild bee populations depends on various factors and your perspective. This is shown by agroecologists from the University of Göttingen, Germany and the Centre for Ecological Research in Vácrátót, Hungary.
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