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News from the Lab (news.myScience.ch)

  • News from the Lab’ is a selection of scientific works that are significant or interesting for a broad readership. 
  • The selection of news is made by the team of myScience.ch. There is no right to be published or automatic publishing.
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Results 221 - 240 of 337.
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Agronomy / Food Science - Innovation - 03.06.2022
Saving Resources with Precision Agriculture
Saving Resources with Precision Agriculture
Developing Sustainable Agriculture and Saving Resources with New Measurement Techniques Using smart sensor and measurement techniques to make farming more efficient and sustainable is the goal of a team of researchers at TUM. The core idea of precision agriculture is simple: The more farmers know about soil conditions, the weather, and plants and animals, the better they can adapt their decisions to the circumstances.

Life Sciences - Astronomy / Space Science - 02.06.2022
Bacterial cellulose enables microbial life on Mars
Bacterial cellulose enables microbial life on Mars
Research team studies kombucha cultures under extraterrestrial conditions An international research team with participation from the University of Göttingen has investigated the survival of kombucha cultures under Mars-like conditions. Kombucha cultures are also known as tea fungi and are used to produce beverages.

Life Sciences - 02.06.2022
Tobacco hawkmoths always find the right odor
Tobacco hawkmoths always find the right odor
The moths can distinguish crucial from irrelevant odors A research team at the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology has discovered how tobacco hawkmoths are able to detect odors that are important to them against a complex olfactory background. By looking at the specific activity patterns that the odors triggered in the moths' brains the researcher showed that the sense of smell enables moths not only to perceive the intense floral odors of nectar sources, but also to find the rather unobtrusive smell of their host plants on which the larvae thrive.

Life Sciences - Environment - 02.06.2022
The largest genomic catalogue of wild chimpanzees
The largest genomic catalogue of wild chimpanzees
New genomic tools shed light on the evolutionary history of chimpanzees and contribute to their conservation An international research team led by the Institute of Evolutionary Biology (IBE), the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology (MPI EVA) and Leipzig University has compiled the largest genomic catalogue of wild chimpanzee populations in Africa.

Health - Innovation - 02.06.2022
3D printed, bioinspired heart valves
3D printed, bioinspired heart valves
Researchers have developed 3D printed artificial heart valves designed to allow a patient's own cells to form new tissue. To form these scaffolds using melt electrowriting - an advanced additive manufacturing technique - the team has created a new fabrication platform that enables them to combine different precise, customized patterns and hence to fine-tune the scaffold's mechanical properties.

Life Sciences - Astronomy / Space Science - 02.06.2022
Bacterial cellulose enables microbial life on Mars
Bacterial cellulose enables microbial life on Mars
Research team including Göttingen University studies kombucha cultures under extraterrestrial conditions An international research team including the University of Göttingen has investigated the chances of survival of kombucha cultures under Mars-like conditions. Kombucha is known as a drink, sometimes called tea fungus or mushroom tea, which is produced by fermenting sugared tea using kombucha cultures - a symbiotic culture of bacteria and yeast.

Environment - Life Sciences - 01.06.2022
Photos of Amazon animals supply extensive collection of biodiversity data
Photos of Amazon animals supply extensive collection of biodiversity data
An international team of researchers has published the largest collection of data from camera traps on Amazonian rainforest animals. The collection currently encompasses over 120,000 registers, plus information on time and location. It will improve research on the abundance, diversity and habitat conditions of jaguars, toucans, harpy eagles and many other endangered rainforest species and contribute to their protection.

Physics - Materials Science - 01.06.2022
Sharp X-ray images despite imperfect lenses
Sharp X-ray images despite imperfect lenses
Research team at Göttingen University develops new method for X-ray microscopy X-rays make it possible to explore inside human bodies or peer inside objects. The technology used to illuminating the detail in microscopically small structures is the same as that used in familiar situations - such as medical imaging at a clinic or luggage control at the airport.

Health - Pharmacology - 01.06.2022
Misperceptions about doctor's trust in Covid-19 vaccines influence vaccination rate
Misperceptions about doctor’s trust in Covid-19 vaccines influence vaccination rate
Informing people about the strong positive consensus among doctors persistently leads to increases in Covid-19 vaccinations How to increase vaccination rates by autumn, without any compulsion is shown by an international research team including the Max Planck Institute for Tax Law and Public Finance.

Social Sciences - Health - 31.05.2022
Healthy development thanks to older siblings
Healthy development thanks to older siblings
If expectant mothers are exposed to stress their child can develop behavioural problems - but this is less often the case for children with siblings During the first years of their lives, children develop the cognitive, social and emotional skills that will provide the foundations for their lifelong health and achievements.

Life Sciences - 31.05.2022
New insights into the movement of pine cone scales
New insights into the movement of pine cone scales
Cone scales open and close due to the interaction of multiple tissue layers, all of which respond to moisture Pine cones open when dry and close when wet. In this way, pine seeds are released only under advantageous conditions, namely when it is dry and the seeds can be carried far by wind. Opening and closing is of particular interest to researchers because the actuation is passive, that is, it does not consume metabolic energy.

Health - Pharmacology - 31.05.2022
Drug combination triples survival time with blood cancer
Drug combination triples survival time with blood cancer
MHH involved in international study on acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is a malignant disease in which the precursor cells of the haematopoietic system multiply uncontrollably. This form of blood cancer is caused by genetic changes in the bone marrow that occur in the course of life.

Health - Pharmacology - 31.05.2022
Vaccination strategy can be optimised with computer model
HU research team simulates COVID-19 outbreaks with virtual agents A new model for simulating COVID-19 outbreaks helps to develop the right strategy for herd immunity for every municipality and city - even in the event of vaccine shortages. For, even after two years of the pandemic, countries, municipalities and cities are still experiencing severe COVID-19 outbreaks.

Life Sciences - 31.05.2022
'FreiPose' enables measurement of neuronal activity during the movement of individual body parts
’FreiPose’ enables measurement of neuronal activity during the movement of individual body parts
New tracking method captures 3D motion of body points and can factor out the influence of unwanted movement A team led by Artur Schneider and Ilka Diester from the Institute of Biology III and Thomas Brox from the Department of Computer Science at the University of Freiburg have developed a new system that records the 3D movement of freely nameable body points: "FreiPose" uses several cameras and a special network architecture to recognize defined body points and track them.

Life Sciences - Health - 31.05.2022
How invading pathogens switch off plant cells' defenses
How invading pathogens switch off plant cells’ defenses
Many disease-causing bacteria are able to inhibit the defense mechanisms in plants and thus escape dissolution by the plant cell, a process known as xenophagy. Animal and human cells have a similar mechanism whereby the cell's defenses -eat- invading bacteria - yet some bacteria can inhibit the process.

Paleontology - 31.05.2022
Great white sharks may have contributed to megalodon extinction
Great white sharks may have contributed to megalodon extinction
Using zinc isotopes, researchers investigated the diet of megalodon, the largest shark to have ever lived The diet of fossil extinct animals can hold clues to their lifestyle, behaviour, evolution and ultimately extinction. However, studying an animal's diet after millions of years is difficult due to the poor preservation of chemical dietary indicators in organic material on these timescales.

History / Archeology - Environment - 30.05.2022
A 3400-year-old city emerges from the Tigris River
A 3400-year-old city emerges from the Tigris River
A team of German and Kurdish archaeologists have uncovered a 3400-year-old Mittani Empire-era city once located on the Tigris River. The settlement emerged from the waters of the Mosul reservoir early this year as water levels fell rapidly due to extreme drought in Iraq. The extensive city with a palace and several large buildings could be ancient Zakhiku - believed to have been an important center in the Mittani Empire (ca. BC).

Health - Chemistry - 30.05.2022
Multi-functional bandage helps wounds to heal
Multi-functional bandage helps wounds to heal
Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have developed a film that not only protects wounds similar to the way a bandage does, but also helps wounds to heal faster, repels bacteria, dampens inflammation, releases active pharmaceutical ingredients in a targeted manner and ultimately dissolves by itself.

Computer Science - Innovation - 27.05.2022
Amazon and Max Planck Society establish Science Hub 
Amazon and Max Planck Society establish Science Hub 
The cooperation strengthens application-related research on artificial intelligence in Germany Amazon and the Max Planck Society today announced the establishment of the first German Science Hub in Tübingen. The main goal of this science cooperation is to advance research in Germany in subfields of artificial intelligence (AI), in particular causality, computer vision and machine learning, to develop secure and trustworthy concepts for the future and thus to strengthen Germany as a technology location.

Earth Sciences - 27.05.2022
Origins of carbonatite magma revealed
Origins of carbonatite magma revealed
Carbonatite rocks are economically important. The many hundreds of known carbonatite deposits on all continents are important repositories of rare-earth metals such as lanthanum, cerium and neodymium. These are used in many key technologies, including smartphones, plasma and LCD screens, as well as in radiology for medical diagnoses, in generators in wind turbines, and in electric motors.
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